Gazprom Oilduct_Siberia_cabecera

IEA, decided to prevent oil supply shortfalls through release of its reserves (UPDATED)

Latest update 2 March 2022 at 10 am

The 31 Member Countries of the Governing Board of the International Energy Agency (IEA) agreed to release 60 million barrels of oil from their emergency reserves to send a unified and strong message to global oil markets that there will be no shortfall in supplies as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
IEA members hold emergency stockpiles of 1.5Bn barrels. The announcement of an initial release of 60 million barrels, or 4% of those stockpiles, is equivalent to 2 million barrels a day for 30 days. The coordinated drawdown is the fourth in the history of the IEA, which was created in 1974. Previous collective actions were taken in 2011, 2005 and 1991.

IEA members hold emergency stockpiles of 1.5Bn barrels. The announcement of an initial release of 60 million barrels, or 4% of those stockpiles, is equivalent to 2 million barrels a day for 30 days. The coordinated drawdown is the fourth in the history of the IEA, which was created in 1974. Previous collective actions were taken in 2011, 2005 and 1991.

Total oil stocks in IEA Member Countries amounted to close to 4.16Bn barrels as of end-December 2021, of which 1.5Bn barrels are held by governments as emergency reserves. IEA net-oil-importing countries have an obligation to hold emergency oil stocks equivalent to at least 90 days of their net oil imports. 

Energy supply should not be used as a means of political coercion

Russia plays an outsized role on global energy markets. It is the world’s third largest oil producer and the largest exporter. Its exports of about 5 million barrels a day of crude oil represent roughly 12% of global trade – and its approximately 2.85 million barrels a day of petroleum products represent around 15% of global refined product trade. Around 60% of Russia’s oil exports go to Europe and another 20% to China.

Russian crude exports_jan 2020 to feb 2021_last update 24 feb 2021
Source of the image, IEA. Image © IEA. Composition © Eastwind. To watch the original interactive chart, click here

The Ministers resolved today that energy supply should not be used as a means of political coercion nor as a threat to national and international security. The IEA Secretariat will continue to closely monitor global oil and gas markets and to provide recommendations to the Governing Board, including possible additional emergency oil stock draws, as needed.

The IEA Ministers noted with concern the energy security impacts of the egregious actions by Russia, and voiced support for sanctions imposed by the international community in response.

A war on an already tight global oil markets backdrop

The Ministers noted that Russia’s invasion comes against a backdrop of already tight global oil markets, heightened price volatility, commercial inventories that are at their lowest level since 2014, and a limited ability of producers to provide additional supply in the short term.

Global energy security under threat, Fatih Birol warned

FatihBirol_IEA_Executive Director_lado
Fatih Birol (IEA Executive Director).© IEA.

“It is heartening to see how quickly the global community has united to condemn Russia’s actions and respond decisively,” said IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol. “I am pleased that the IEA has also come together today to take action. The situation in energy markets is very serious and demands our full attention. Global energy security is under threat, putting the world economy at risk during a fragile stage of the recovery.”

“I am grateful that IEA member countries made available the initial 60 million barrels to provide stability to oil markets,” Birol added. “I am also happy that our member countries committed to do their utmost to support Ukraine in terms of fuel supply. At the invitation of the Governing Board, I am also looking forward to welcoming Ukraine Energy Minister German Galushchenko as a special guest to our forthcoming Ministerial Meeting later this month.”

Not only energy solidarity with Ukraine

The Governing Board also encouraged each member country to do its utmost to support Ukraine in the supply of oil products, recommending that governments and consumers maintain and intensify conservation efforts. They expressed their expressed solidarity with the people of Ukraine and their democratically elected government in the face of Russia’s appalling and unprovoked violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Europe must solve its energy dependence

Ministers also discussed Europe’s significant reliance on Russian natural gas and the need to reduce this by looking to other suppliers, including via LNG, and to continue to pursue a well-managed acceleration of clean energy transitions. On Thursday, the IEA Secretariat will release a 10-Point Plan for how European countries can reduce their reliance on Russian gas supplies by next winter.

Russian crude exports to OECD Europe November 2021_2021_tabla
Imports of Russian oil and oil products by OECD European countries. Detail of a wider table published by IEA. Composition, © Eastwind. To watch te table complete, click here

All these was agreed and discussed during the Extraordinary Governing Board meeting of the IEA, held at the Ministerial level, whcih was chaired by US Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm in her capacity as Chair of this year’s IEA Ministerial Meeting.

Image over the headline.- Gazprom siberian oil pipeline.© Gazprom

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